Reports, Research & Guidelines

Below are a number of reports, research papers and guidelines related to elephant welfare in Nepal:

Humane Solutions for Elephants in Entertainment

Screen Shot 2016-09-06 at 4.48.06 PM World Animal Protection has released guidelines for categorising elephant tourist venues, and we are posting this document for all to understand. We especially hope that Nepal’s venues take heed and work towards these protections. Soon, EWN will begin making specific recommendations to tourists based on this criteria. Download Now >>>

An Elephant Is Not A Machine

An Elephant Is Not A Machine-coverAnimal Nepal conducted a detailed survey into the welfare of Chitwan’s safari elephants and found that this falls shorts in many  areas, including including freedom of movement, shelter conditions, nutrition, health and healthcare, safari management, as well as mahout welfare. Download Now >>>


Elephant Training Report

elephant-in-chainsPeta India and Animal Welfare Network Nepal (AWNN) in 2011 conducted a research into contemporary training methods of working elephants used in the government’s Elephant Breeding Center in Sauraha, Chitwan. The researchers found that ritualized training continues despite the introduction of humane, evidence based training methods by WWF. The present training methods result in physical and emotional trauma among elephant calves. Download Now >>>

AWNN Responsible Tourism Brochure

bathing1-campaign-logoThis brochure is for anyone visiting Nepal and who is interested in responsible tourism related to animal welfare. As an animal lover, here you will find tips on being a responsible tourist, as well as where to find out more information about animal welfare efforts ongoing in Nepal. All visitors to the region are encouraged to view this brochure – provided by the Animal Welfare Network of Nepal (AWNN). Download Now >>>


ABTA Manual for Captive Elephants

ABTA-logo-1UK Travel Association ABTA has developed a manual to enable tourism-related bodies to assess the welfare of elephants used in tourism. See their website for more information.


Elephant Conservation Action Plan 2010
In 2010 a group of experts drafting a conservation plan. The goal of the Elephant Conservation Action Plan of Nepal is to save the elephants in the wild from extinction, immediately address habitat loss and mitigate associated people-elephant conflict. By grasping knowledge-based information and active land management, it is hoped that people – elephant conflicts are minimized and benefits accrue to protect wild elephants in Nepal. Download Now >>>

Rogue Rage – Why do so many wild elephants become violent?

A most interesting study about the reasons behind wild elephants killing or injuring people as a result of emotional trauma and the presence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Download Now >>>

Wild Elephant Status Report
Petra Furaha ten Velde in 1997 studied the status of wild elephants in Nepal and looked at the human-elephant conflict in Nepal’s various national parks. Download Now >>>

Captive elephants in Bardia National Park, Nepal

A welfare assessment by Working Elephant Programme of Asia (WEPA) and WWF Finland at Bardia Hattisar, Nepal. The researchers conclude that working elephants in Bardia need to be exposed to more free ranging i.e.  forest based life, interaction among themselves or with wild elephants. Download Now >>>